Impression: Soleil Levant by Claude Monet in 1872 (Impressionism)
☝🏻️This is actually the painting that gave the movement its name “impressionism”… read on Following the “salon des refusés” in 1863, artists’ petitions requesting a new Salon des Refusés in 1867, and again in 1872, were denied⛔️. So in December 1873, Monet, Renoir, Pissarro, Sisley, Cézanne, Berthe Morisot, Edgar Degas and several other artists founded the “Cooperative and Anonymous Association of Painters, Sculptors, and Engravers” to exhibit their artworks independently. Together, the group held their first exhibition in 1874. Although the techniques and standards employed within this movement varied widely, the real glue which bound the movement together was its spirit of rebellion and independence💪🏻
What about Manet ?
The impressionists regarded Manet as their inspiration and leader in their spirit of revolution, but Manet had no desire to join their cooperative venture into independent exhibitions. He wanted Paris to come to him and accept him—even if he had to endure their ridicule in the process 😰
The exhibition opened for one month on 15 April 1874.
It included more than 200 works, 51 from members of the group and 114 by other invited artists, most of them friends of Degas.
The term impressionism originated from art critic Louis Leroy💩, who commented Monet’s painting “Impression: Soleil Levant”. Leroy said that it indeed was just an impression and that the work could not be considered finished!!! …The impressionists adopted this term and decided to use it for their own benefit.
Within a few years of Leroy’s review, the term, “Impressionists,” had clearly stuck, not as a term of derision, but as a badge of honor, and a new movement was born, along with so many great art stories !